De Long, George Washington, 1844-1881

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George Washington De Long (b. August 22, 1844, Manhattan, New York-d. October 31, 1881, Matvay Hut, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Russia), United States Naval Officer and explorer. He graduated form the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, in 1865, then rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander. In 1879 he commanded an expedition on board the gunboat "USS Jeannette" designed to discover a faster way to traverse the North Pole by going through the Bering Strait. During the summer of 1881 the ship was wrecked and sunk by Arctic ice. Lieutenant Commander De Long and most of his men perished from starvation after abandoning ship. A year after they died, the bodies of George W. De Long and his men were found, and he was eventually interred in Woodlawn Cemetery with five of his crew.
Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Bassett Jones records, 1818-1938. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Emma Wotton De Long papers, 1928-1950. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Danenhower, John Wilson, 1849-1887. Danenhower papers, 1879-1903. SUNY Oswego, Penfield Library
creatorOf Memorandum, 1881 Sept. 22, Lena Delta, Siberia. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Giles B. Harber papers, 1881-1884. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Letter, 1939 February 28, Westfield, New Jersey, to Georgia Mansbridge, New York. Dartmouth College Library
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn USS Jeannette logbooks, 1879-1881 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Relation Name
associatedWith Bhuguiere, Emile. person
associatedWith Bruguière, Emil A., 1876- person
associatedWith Danenhower, John Wilson, 1849-1887. person
spouseOf De Long, Emma Wotton, 1851-1940. person
associatedWith Ellsberg, Edward, 1891-1983. person
associatedWith Harber, Giles B. person
memberOf Jeannette Expedition (1879-1881) corporateBody
associatedWith Jeannette (Ship) corporateBody
associatedWith Jones, Bassett, collector. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Siberia 00 RU
New York City NY US
Subject
Arctic regions--Discovery and exploration
Occupation
Explorers--Arctic regions
Mariners
Function

Person

Birth 1844-08-22

Death 1881-10-31

Americans

English

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