Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871

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Major of U.S. First Artillery Regiment; commanding officer at Fort Sumter, Charleston, S.C.

From the description of Civil War letter of Maj. Robert Anderson, 1861 Jan. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71058375

American army officer.

From the description of Autograph orders signed : Athens, Tennessee, to Capt. G.S. Drane, 1838 Nov. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270132419

Soldier, commander of Fort Sumter at the start of the U.S. Civil War.

From the description of Robert Anderson : miscellaneous papers, 1836-1864 (bulk 1860-1864). (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 46719327

American. Union Soldier

From the guide to the Robert Anderson letters, 1842-1861, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Louisville native Major Robert Anderson graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1825 and served active duty in the Mexican-American War. Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter after thirty-four hours of Confederate attack, which began the United States Civil War. Promoted to Major General during the Civil War.

From the description of Major Robert Anderson collection, 1861. (Kentucky Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 27837569

U.S. Army officer.

From the description of Papers of Robert Anderson, 1819-1948 (bulk 1836-1870). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131093

Biographical Note

  • 1805, June 14: Born, Louisville, Ky.
  • 1821 - 1825 : Cadet, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1825: Second lieutenant, Third Artillery
  • 1825 - 1826 : Secretary to United States minister to Colombia
  • 1826 - 1828 : In garrison, Ft. Monroe, Va.
  • 1828 - 1832 : On ordnance duty
  • 1832: Served in the Black Hawk War
  • 1834: At Fort Constitution, N.H.
  • 1835 - 1837 : At United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1837 - 1838 : In the Florida War
  • 1838: Aide-de-camp to General Winfield Scott
  • 1838 - 1841 : Assistant adjutant general, Eastern Department
  • 1841 - 1843 : On Board of Officers to examine his "Instruction for Field Artillery"
  • 1845 - 1846 : In garrison, Fort Moultrie, S.C.
  • 1847: Served in Mexican War
  • 1848 - 1853 : In garrison, Fort Preble, Me.
  • 1853 - 1854 : Governor, United States Branch Military Asylum, Harrisburg, Ky.
  • 1855 - 1859 : Inspector of Iron Work, Trenton, N.J.
  • 1860 - 1861 : In command, Defences of Charleston, S.C.
  • 1861: In command, Department of Kentucky and the Cumberland
  • 1863: In command, Fort Adams, R.I.
  • 1865: Raised the flag at Fort Sumter, S.C.
  • 1871: Died, Nice, France

From the guide to the Robert Anderson Papers, 1819-1948, (bulk 1836-1870), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Major Robert Anderson collection, 1861. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Robert Anderson letters, 1842-1861 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Letter, 1861. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Wallace, Emma, fl. 1870. Photograph album of Emma Wallace [manuscript], ca. 1870. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Anson Conger Goodyear Collection, 1813-1890 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Robert Anderson : miscellaneous papers, 1836-1864 (bulk 1860-1864). The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. Description of ceremonies at Fort Sumter, 1865 May 28. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Stephen W. Church papers, Church, Stephen W. papers, 1859-1861 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Records of the Adjutant General's Office. 1762 - 1984. Union Battle Reports. 1874 - 1899. Telegram from Major Robert Anderson to the Secretary of War
creatorOf Abercrombie, John J., 1798-1877. Military officer correspondence, 1865-1903. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Leland, Samuel Wells, 1824-1884. Samuel Wells Leland papers, 1845-1876. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn McAllister, John A. (John Allister), 1822-1896,. Civil War Leaders Ephemera Collection. 1860-1865 (bulk). Porterville Public Library
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Autograph orders signed : Athens, Tennessee, to Capt. G.S. Drane, 1838 Nov. 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Williams, Micajah Terrell, 1792-1844. Papers, 1741,1802-1906. Library of Congress
referencedIn Bodley family. Bodley family papers, 1773-1939. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. Orders, Headquarters Fort Brook, Tampa Bay, 1838 September 8th. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Anderson, Richard Clough, 1788-1826. Papers of Richard Clough Anderson, 1781-1892. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Papers of Robert Anderson, 1819-1948 (bulk 1836-1870). Library of Congress
referencedIn Waggoner, N. W. b. 1834. Diary 1861 January 1 - December 31. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Johnson, Absalom Y. (Absalom Yarbrough), 1821-1907. Diary, 1860-1864. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Crawford, Samuel Wylie, 1827-1892. Samuel Wylie Crawford papers, 1860-1892. Library of Congress
referencedIn Spring, Rebecca. Rebecca Spring papers, ca. 1830-1900. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Goodyear, A. Conger (Anson Conger), 1877-1964. Anson Conger Goodyear collection, 1813-1890 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Robert Anderson Papers, 1819-1948, (bulk 1836-1870) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn William Warland Clapp correspondence, 1790-1891 (inclusive), 1840-1891 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Anderson Family papers, 1810-1848 The Huntington Library
referencedIn Wickliffe, C. A. (Charles Anderson), 1788-1869. Charles Anderson Wickliffe : miscellaneous papers, 1826-1863. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Civil War collection. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Church, Stephen Wardwell, 1833-1906. Stephen W. Church papers, 1859-1861. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
referencedIn Anderson family. Anderson family papers, 1810-1948. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Civil War letter of Maj. Robert Anderson, 1861 Jan. 16. Navarro College
referencedIn Flagg, S. Griswold. S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866. Letters, 1857-1863. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn United States. Army. Programme of the order of exercies at the re-raising of the United States flag on Fort Sumter; 1865 Apr. 14, Charleston, S.C. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Robert B. Anderson Papers. 1933 - 1989. Photographs
referencedIn General Orders No. 17 1861 October 1 Broadside. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Anderson, William Pope, 1874-1951,. Anderson Family : papers, 1805-1911. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Wallace, Emma, fl. 1870. Photograph album of Emma Wallace, ca. 1870. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn True, Clinton Jones, 1836-ca.1880. Clinton Jones True papers, 1861-1892 1873-1880. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Bryan, P. O. "Special" to [the Charleston Daily] "Courier," 1861 Jan. 16. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Letters to L.M. Flournoy, 1853-1864. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863. John J. Crittenden papers, 1836-1861. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Anderson-Latham family : papers, 1711-1911. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. Letter, 1861. American Primers
referencedIn Anderson-Brooke family : papers, 1793-1983. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Samuel Wylie Crawford Papers, 1860-1892 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Anderson family. Anderson Family : miscellaneous papers, 1796-1834. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf McAllister, John A. (John Allister), 1822-1896,. John A. McAllister Papers, 1820-1885 (bulk 1860-1866). Porterville Public Library
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Letter : Washington, D.C., to [Robert] Anderson, n.p., 1863 Aug. 15. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Anderson, Charles, 1814-1895. The story of Soldier's Retreat : a memoir. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Dawson, Henry B. (Henry Barton), 1821-1889. Letter, [188u?] Feb. 24 (Morrisonia, N.Y.) to Gen. [Samuel Wylie] Crawford. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, A, 1518-2002. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, Charles, 1814-1895. person
associatedWith Anderson, Eliza Bayard. person
correspondedWith Anderson family. family
associatedWith Anderson family. person
associatedWith Anderson Family, 1810-1848 family
correspondedWith Anderson, Larz, 1866-1937 person
associatedWith Anderson, Richard Clough, 1788-1826. person
associatedWith Anderson, William Pope, 1874-1951, person
correspondedWith Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867 person
correspondedWith Barnum, P. T. (Phineas Taylor), 1810-1891 person
associatedWith Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Bodley family. family
associatedWith Bruce, L. D. person
associatedWith Bryan, P. O. person
associatedWith Church, Stephen Wardwell, 1833-1906. person
associatedWith Clapp, William Warland, 1826-1891 person
correspondedWith Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849 person
associatedWith Cooper, Samuel, 1798-1876. person
correspondedWith Crawford, Samuel Wylie, 1827-1892. person
associatedWith Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863. person
associatedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889. person
associatedWith Dawson, Henry B. (Henry Barton), 1821-1889. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 person
correspondedWith Doubleday, Abner, 1819-1893 person
associatedWith Drane, G. S., Capt, person
associatedWith Dudley, Ethelbert L., d. 1862. person
correspondedWith Fish, Hamilton, 1808-1893 person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Flournoy, Lafayette Montgomery. person
associatedWith Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Goodyear, A. Conger (Anson Conger), 1877-1964. person
associatedWith Hainland, Carrie. person
correspondedWith Holt, Joseph, 1807-1894 person
associatedWith Johnson, Absalom Y. (Absalom Yarbrough), 1821-1907. person
associatedWith Lawton, Eba Anderson, d. 1919. person
associatedWith Leland, Samuel Wells, 1824-1884. person
correspondedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith McAllister, John A. (John Allister), 1822-1896, person
associatedWith McClellan, George B. (George Brinton), 1826-1885. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
correspondedWith Newell, William A. (William Augustus), 1817-1901 person
correspondedWith Pickens, F. W. (Francis Wilkinson), 1805-1869 person
associatedWith Scott, Winfield, 1786-1866. person
correspondedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891 person
associatedWith Sprague, J. F. person
associatedWith Spring, Rebecca. person
correspondedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869 person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
associatedWith Thomas, Lorenzo, 1804-1875. person
associatedWith Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. person
associatedWith True, Clinton Jones, 1836-ca.1880. person
associatedWith United States. Army. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Artillery Regiment, 1st. corporateBody
associatedWith Waggoner, N. W. b. 1834. person
associatedWith Wallace, Emma, fl. 1870. person
associatedWith Wickliffe, C. A. (Charles Anderson), 1788-1869. person
associatedWith Williams, Micajah Terrell, 1792-1844. person
associatedWith Williams, Stephen K. person
associatedWith Workman, James H. (James Henry), 1843-ca. 1914 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
New Jersey
Kentucky
South Carolina
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
South Carolina
United States
South Carolina
United States
United States
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
Fort Sumter (Charleston, S.C.)
United States
South Carolina
Subject
Governor
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Coast defenses--United States
Black Hawk War, 1832
Fortification--History--Sources
Occupation
Army officers
Soldiers--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1805-06-14

Death 1871-10-26

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 49579395