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Warren County (Va.) Circuit Court. VH

 
Warren County (Va. ) Circuit Court.
 

Subjects

Biographical History

Warren County was named for Joseph Warren, the revolutionary patriot who sent Paul Revere and William Dawes on their famous rides and who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The county was formed from Frederick and Shenandoah counties in 1836.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) Deeds, 1788-1937 Nov. (bulk 1899-1930) ()

Warren County was named for Joseph Warren, the revolutionary patriot who sent Paul Revere and William Dawes on their famous rides and who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The county was formed from Shenandoah and Frederick Counties in 1836.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) Free Negro Records, 1836-1861 ()

Warren County was formed from Shenandoah and Frederick Counties in 1836. The county was named for Joseph Warren, of Massachusetts, the revolutionary patriot who sent Paul Revere and William Dawes on their famous rides and who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Prior to 1853, when the Commonwealth began recording vital statistics, Virginia marriages were recorded at the county or city level. Beginning in 1661, in order to be married by license, the groom was required to go before the county clerk and give bond with security that there was no lawful reason to prevent the marriage. Written consent from a parent or guardian was needed for individuals younger than twenty-one years. The license, issued then by the clerk, was given to the minister who performed the service. Once the service was performed, the minister submitted a return to the county clerk. The county clerk recorded these returns along with other marriage records, such as bonds, certificates and licenses, in a marriage register.

According to Virginia law, individuals under the age of twenty-one needed the consent of a parent or guardian to marry. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, officials were especially concerned about females under the age of 16 marrying without consent. County clerks were not authorized to issue a marriage license without certificate (permission) from the parent, master or guardian. In the nineteenth century, a parent or guardian could give consent verbally to the clerk of the court, or provide written consent in front of one to two witnesses; the consent was then delivered to the county clerk.

The original material, from which this volume was compiled, was created by the County Clerk.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) Register of Marriages, 1850-1913 ()

Warren County was formed from Shenandoah and Frederick counties in 1836. The county was named for Joseph Warren, of Massachusetts, the revolutionary patriot who sent Paul Revere and William Dawes on their famous rides and who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Minutes/Orders record all matters brought before the court when it was in session and may contain important information not found anywhere else.

In accordance with an act passed by the General Assembly 1862 Feb. 18 and amended 1862, October 1 providing a mode of exemption from military service, the county and corporation courts were directed to appoint a Board of Exemption. The board was charged with deciding all claims for military exemptions brought before it, "carefully and rigidly conforming to all the provisions of the Act of Assembly." On 1863 Feb. 13, the Governor issued an order directing that where no board has been appointed, the presiding justice of each county and corporation court, together with the two senior justices, constitute the board.

On 9 May 1862, the General Assembly stated that "the courts of the several counties of this Commonwealth are hereby authorized and empowered to order the purchase, for the use of the people of said counties, such quantities of salt as the said courts may deem necessary and to provide for the payment of the same by county levies. The said courts shall have the power and authority to distribute the salt thus purchased amongst people of their counties." On 30 March 1863, the General Assembly had created the office of "Superintendent of Salt Works."

Around the time of the Civil War, salt was necessary for curing meat, tanning leather, fertilizing fields as well as, for farm animals to survive. Prior to the war, a significant amount of salt was imported from Europe, but when the war started, the Union blockaded delivery of salt to the Confederate states. The most important saltworks for the Confederacy were at Saltville, Virginia. When alternate sources failed to produce a sufficient supply of salt, the southern states began a rationing process to ensure fair distributions. Many of the states handed rationing responsibility to the county courts, which created lists of eligible families and the amounts of salt they could receive.

This original volume was created by the County, Circuit and Corporation Courts.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) Various Record Series, 1836-1865 (bulk 1861-1865) ()

Warren County was named for Joseph Warren, the revolutionary patriot who sent Paul Revere and William Dawes on their famous rides and who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The county was formed from Frederick and Shenandoah counties in 1836.

In 1865 the Virginia General Assembly passed an act for the relief of indigent soldiers and sailors of Virginia who have been disabled in military service and the widows and minor children of soldiers and sailors who have died in the service. The act required county and corporation courts of the commonwealth to make and maintain lists of indigent solidiers and sailors in their localities and to make an allowance in money or supplies to provide for the indigent soldiers or their families. Counties charged with this task levied taxes to raise funds, appointed overseers to create lists of soldiers and families and maintained reports on the money and supplies provided to eligible individuals and families.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) Reports of Indigent Soldiers' Families, 1862-1864 ()

Warren County was formed in 1836 from Shenandoah and Frederick counties.

Article II of the 1902 Constitution of Virginia was designed to maintain white suffrage while eliminating Afircan-American voters by means of literacy tests, and property and poll tax requirements. Section 19 of Article II specifically mentions the requirement that a person applying to register must be able to read a section of the Constitution and explain its meaning to the registrar.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) List of Colored Applicants Refused Registration, 1902-1903 ()

Warren County was named for Joseph Warren, the revolutionary patriot who sent Paul Revere and William Dawes on their famous rides and who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The county was formed from Frederick and Shenandoah counties in 1836.

The 1902 voter registration books were created following the passage of the 1902 Virginia state constitution. The purpose of the 1902 state constitution was to maintain white suffrage while eliminating African-American voters by means of literacy tests as well as property and poll tax requirements.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) Permanent Roll of Voters, 1902-1903 ()

Warren County was named for Joseph Warren, the revolutionary patriot who sent Paul Revere and William Dawes on their famous rides and who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The county was formed from Frederick and Shenandoah counties in 1836.

From the finding aid for Warren County (Va.) Public Buildings and Grounds, 1834-1839 ()

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