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Martin, Anne, 1875-1951. OAC

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Martin, Anne, 1875-1951
Martin, Annie, 1875-1951
Martin, Anna, 1875-1951
 

 

Biographical History

Anne Henrietta Martin was born in Empire City, Nevada, Sept. 30, 1875, the daughter of William O'Hara Martin and Louise Stadtmuller Martin. She received her A.B. from the University of Nevada in 1894 and also an A.B. and M.A. in history from Stanford University in 1896 and 1897. From 1899-1901, she studied at Columbia University and the Universities of Leipzig and London. She headed the History Department of the University of Nevada from 1897-1899, and again resumed this post in 1901, at which time she also lectured in art history. From 1906 until 1910, she was active in the British suffrage campaign and while in London, Anne Martin met the Herbert Hoovers through her friend, Mary Austin. Also, while in London, Anne Martin was imprisoned for suffrage demonstrations. From 1911 to 1914, she was president of the Nevada Equal Franchise Society and organized the women of Nevada. In 1914, due to her efforts, Suffrage was won for Nevada women. She was appointed to the Nevada Educational Survey Commission in 1915 while from 1915 to 1918, she was active in the National Women's Party, where she served as National Chairman, and the National American Women's Suffrage Association.

In 1918, she campaigned for the Senate as an Independent to fill the post vacated by the death of Senator Newlands -the first woman to run for a senatorial office in the United States. Out of 20,000 votes cast, Anne Martin polled 5,000. She again ran for this office in 1920 as an Independent and again was defeated.

In 1926, Anne Martin became Western regional director for the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She was a delegate to the World's Congress in Dublin in 1926 and again in Prague in 1929. Jane Addams was also very active in this group. In 1936, Anne Martin resigned from the organization due to a personal disagreement with the executive secretary. She then became involved with the Peoples Mandates to Governments to End War.

From 1940 until her death in 1951, Anne Martin wrote various magazine articles, including a biographical sketch of Josephine Butler that appeared in the 1944 edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, and later, an article on White Slavery that appeared in the 1948 edition of the Britannica. She made her home in Reno, Nevada, and Carmel, California, and died in Carmel, April 1951.

From the finding aid for Anne Henrietta Martin Papers, 1892-1951 (Bancroft Library.)

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